Category Archives: Windows

How do I know if my current Windows 10 PC meets the minimum hardware requirements for Windows 11?

If you’d like to see if your current PC meets the minimum system requirements, you can download the PC Health Check app (PC Health Check ​​​​​​​). Most Windows 10 PCs currently being sold will be able to upgrade to Windows 11. For the PC to be able to upgrade to Windows 11, it must meet the minimum hardware specifications and specific hardware is required for some features (minimum system requirements). 

If your current device does not meet the minimum hardware requirements, you will not be able to install Windows 11. You do not have to upgrade to Windows 11 in this case as windows 10 will be continue to be supported until October 14, 2025. (Windows 10 Retirement Date)

Enable Flash Player for Windows Server 2016

Flash player is included in Windows Server 2016 but not actived for IE by default due to security concerns. You can enable flash player for IE in Windows Server 2016 by following steps

  1. Open a command line windows and run following command
    dism /online /add-package /packagepath:"C:\Windows\servicing\Packages\Adobe-Flash-For-Windows-Package~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~10.0.14393.0.mum"


  2. Reboot, after reboot open adobe flash player official test page with IE to check if flash player is enabled


Change the default PDF Viewer in Windows 10

​When Microsoft Edge is set as your default browser, your PDF viewer will also default to Microsoft Edge. If you would like to change the default application associated with a file type, follow these steps:

  1. Go to Settings > System > Default apps
  2. Scroll to the end of the dialog
  3. Select "Choose default apps by file type"
  4. Scroll to the .pdf file type listed on the left
  5. Left click on the associated item to the right of the file type
  6. Select the default app you want to use for opening .pdf files

Clean up Hidden $Windows~BT and $Windows~WS in Windows 10

After upgrading to Windows 10, you might notice two hidden folder $Windows~BT和$Windows~WS consumes more than 10GB spaces of C drive. These two folders are created for Windows 10 upgrade and can be safely removed after successful upgrade. However, if you run build in Disk Cleanup tool on Windows 10, it only cleans up Windows.old folder, and does not touch $Windows~BT and $Windows~WS. Following are scripts which you can manual clean up these two folder.

Continue reading

Use Legacy Disk Cleanup Wizard in Windows 10

In Windows 10, Disk Cleanup Wizard is integrated into new Storage Sense app, which can be launched via Settings>System>Storage. The new Storage Sense app brings more space cleanup features.

However, the new Storage Sense app is very slow, if you just want to perform quick cleanup like old Windows, you can find legacy Disk Cleanup Wizard  by searching for cleanmgr in task bar.


Add additional language pack to windows 10 and change display language

  1. In the Search box, type Add a language, and then tap or click the result Add a language to open it. image
  2. In the Language dialog box, tap or click Add a language. Scroll to select the language you want from the list, or use the search box to search for a language.
  3. Tap or click the language you want to install, and then tap or click Add. image
  4. To add the language as a display language, tap or click Options. If a language pack is available for your language, tap or click Download and install language pack. image
  5. To switch to the newly installed display language, you'll need to make it your primary language by clicking Make this the primary language.

Note: To change windows display language, you’ll need to log off of Windows, and then log on again for the change to take effect.

Windows 8.1 Skip Microsoft Account in Setup

In Windows 8.1 you can login with Microsoft Account ( previously Windows Live ID). It give you the benefits to sync your contacts, calendar, hotmail settings, and roam your personalization settings like your Lock screen picture or desktop background across multiple devices.

When you setup a new Windows 8.1, by default you are asked for entering an existing Microsoft Account for logon. For users who do not like to use personal account in the office PC, they might find the logon with local user choice not discoverable. Here are two ways to skip using Microsoft Account as logon user when setup windows 8.1

  1. Disconnect your internet connection.

Fix The Windows Desktop Search is not available error in Windows Server 2012

Two years ago I posted a blog Fix The Windows Search service is not installed error in Windows Server 2008 R2 explains how to fix Outlook search slowly when installed on Windows Server 2008 R2. Now I upgrade the system to Windows Server 2012 but notice the steps to enable Windows Desktop Search service in Windows Server 2012 are changed. In short, Windows Desktop Search service was under role File Server in Windows 2008 R2 and now moved to under Feature Windows Search.

Here are new steps to enable the Windows Search service in Windows Server 2012

  1. Start Server Manager.
  2. Click Manage , and then click Add Roles and Features .
  3. On the Before You Begin page, click Next .
  4. On the Installation Type page, select Role-based or Feature-based Installation , and then click Next .
  5. On the Server Selection page, select the server or virtual hard disk on which to install Windows Search Service.
  6. On the Features page, select Windows Search Servic e, and then click Next
  7. On the Confirmation page, verify that Windows Search Service is listed, and then click Install